top of page
  • Writer's pictureAndray Voronov

The Link Between Joint Injuries, Surgical Interventions, and Early Onset Osteoarthritis

man holding hands with arthritis

Osteoarthritis is a prevalent and debilitating condition affecting millions of people worldwide. It's often associated with ageing, but joint injuries and surgical interventions can also precipitate its early onset. This comprehensive guide delves into the connection between these factors and the development of osteoarthritis, supported by the latest research. Additionally, we explore how finding an osteopath near you, particularly in Narre Warren or Berwick, can provide effective management and relief.

Understanding Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative joint disease characterised by the breakdown of cartilage, leading to pain, stiffness, and reduced mobility. It is the most common form of arthritis, affecting various joints but predominantly those in the hands, knees, hips, and spine.

Characteristics of Osteoarthritis

  • Cartilage Degradation: Progressive wearing down of the protective cartilage.

  • Bone Spurs: Formation of bony growths around the joint.

  • Joint Pain: Persistent or intermittent pain, exacerbated by activity.

  • Stiffness and Swelling: Joint stiffness, especially after periods of inactivity, and occasional swelling.

Causes of Osteoarthritis

  • Ageing: Natural wear and tear over time.

  • Genetics: Family history of osteoarthritis.

  • Joint Injuries: Trauma or repetitive stress injuries.

  • Obesity: Excess weight increasing stress on weight-bearing joints.

  • Biomechanical Factors: Abnormal joint alignment or movement patterns.

Symptoms of Osteoarthritis

  • Pain: Aching or sharp pain in the affected joints.

  • Stiffness: Particularly in the morning or after inactivity.

  • Swelling: Occasional swelling around the joint.

  • Reduced Mobility: Difficulty moving the joint through its full range of motion.

  • Grating Sensation: A feeling of bones rubbing against each other.

Diagnosing Osteoarthritis

Diagnosis involves a combination of patient history, physical examination, and imaging tests such as X-rays or MRI to assess joint damage and cartilage loss.

Treatment Options for Osteoarthritis

  • Medications: Pain relievers and anti-inflammatory drugs.

  • Physical Therapy: Exercises to strengthen muscles and improve flexibility.

  • Weight Management: Reducing stress on joints through weight loss.

  • Assistive Devices: Braces or orthotics to support affected joints.

  • Osteopathy: Consulting an osteopath in Narre Warren or Berwick for holistic treatment approaches.

Recovery and Management

Managing osteoarthritis involves a combination of lifestyle changes, medical treatments, and therapeutic interventions. Regular consultations with an osteopath near you can offer ongoing support and tailored treatment plans.

Impact of Joint Injuries on Osteoarthritis

Joint injuries, whether acute or chronic, can significantly increase the risk of developing osteoarthritis. The trauma to the joint structures initiates a cascade of events that accelerate cartilage degradation and joint degeneration.

Types of Joint Injuries Leading to Osteoarthritis

  • Ligament Tears: Injuries such as ACL tears can destabilise the knee joint.

  • Fractures: Bone fractures involving the joint surface can lead to irregular cartilage wear.

  • Meniscal Tears: Damage to the meniscus in the knee disrupts load distribution.

  • Dislocations: Joint dislocations can damage cartilage and joint structures.

Mechanisms of Injury-Induced Osteoarthritis

  • Inflammation: Post-injury inflammation accelerates cartilage breakdown.

  • Altered Biomechanics: Injuries can lead to abnormal joint mechanics, increasing wear and tear.

  • Reduced Joint Stability: Injuries often result in joint instability, contributing to degenerative changes.

Role of Surgical Interventions in Osteoarthritis

Certain surgical interventions, while necessary for acute injuries, can predispose joints to early osteoarthritis. This occurs due to changes in joint mechanics, cartilage loss, and altered load distribution post-surgery.

Common Surgeries Leading to Early Onset Osteoarthritis

  • ACL Reconstruction: While restoring knee stability, it can lead to altered joint mechanics.

  • Meniscectomy: Removal of the meniscus increases direct contact between bones.

  • Joint Realignment Surgeries: These surgeries can change the natural alignment, leading to uneven wear.

  • Fracture Fixation: Surgical fixation of joint fractures can disrupt normal cartilage function.

Preventative Measures After Joint Surgery

  • Rehabilitation: Comprehensive post-surgical rehabilitation to restore strength and mobility.

  • Regular Monitoring: Routine follow-ups to detect early signs of osteoarthritis.

  • Weight Management: Maintaining a healthy weight to reduce joint stress.

  • Osteopathic Care: Consulting an osteopath in Berwick or Narre Warren for post-surgical management and prevention strategies.

Living with Early Onset Osteoarthritis

Early onset osteoarthritis requires proactive management to maintain joint function and quality of life. This includes regular exercise, weight management, and professional care. Osteopaths can offer personalised treatment plans and ongoing support.


How can joint injuries lead to osteoarthritis?Joint injuries can disrupt cartilage and joint stability, initiating degenerative processes that lead to osteoarthritis.

Can surgical interventions cause osteoarthritis?Yes, certain surgeries can alter joint mechanics and contribute to early onset osteoarthritis.

What are the symptoms of osteoarthritis?Symptoms include joint pain, stiffness, swelling, reduced mobility, and a grating sensation in the joint.

How can an osteopath help with osteoarthritis?An osteopath can provide holistic treatments, including manual therapy, exercise prescriptions, and lifestyle advice to manage symptoms and improve joint function.

What preventative measures can be taken after joint surgery?Preventative measures include thorough rehabilitation, regular monitoring, weight management, and osteopathic care.

Is early onset osteoarthritis reversible?While osteoarthritis is not reversible, early intervention and management can significantly slow its progression and improve quality of life.

Understanding the link between joint injuries, surgical interventions, and early onset osteoarthritis is crucial for effective prevention and management. Both injuries and surgeries can predispose joints to degenerative changes, necessitating proactive and informed care. Consulting an osteopath near you, particularly in Narre Warren or Berwick, can provide comprehensive support and personalised treatment plans to manage osteoarthritis effectively and maintain an active lifestyle.

1 view0 comments


bottom of page